They know alot who know how to learn
is it worth readin
science fiction introductio


Characteristics of the Science Fiction Genre



The science fiction genre remains difficult to define, as critics and proponents alike fail to agree on what constitutes science fiction. However, a few common characteristics categorize a work as “sci-fi”:

Aliens are one of the central characteristics of the science-fiction genre. A sci-fi novel may deal with aliens coming to Earth, humans encountering aliens on space explorations or a number of other variations. Sometimes the aliens are friendly, while other works portray aliens as mortal enemies.

Space Travel
Space travel is a common element of sci-fi, regardless of whether or not it features contact with aliens. Space travel pops up in fiction over and over again as humans wonder whether or not they’re alone in the universe, and what might happen if humans encounter other life forms.

Time Travel
In scientific theory, time travel is possible based on potential technologies utilizing scientific knowledge. In fiction, time travel poses many questions, including that of the time travel paradox, and it is a popular topic for science fiction, as protagonists can glimpse the future or change events in the past.

Futuristic Setting Or Alternate History
Even if there’s no time travel involved, science fiction novels are often placed in a futuristic setting, while other sci-fi novels feature alternate histories. Whether moving forward or back in time, very few sci-fi novels are set in the present day.

Advanced Technology
Early science fiction writers and editors focused on the hard science of science fiction, and much of that incorporates the development of advanced technology, or creative ways to utilize existing technology. As the last century has seen big advances in technology, it’s not difficult to imagine some traditional sci-fi technology that could be very real in the future.

Additionally, some science fiction writers have proven almost prophetic in predicting the rise of technology that didn’t exist during their time-notably Jules Verne, although other writers have foreshadowed or outright predicted other pieces of technology.

One common theme of many science fiction novels is a dystopia set sometime in the future. Dystopia sci-fi themes are often used to explore current social issues, and they have very little to do with science, except dystopian fiction that revolves around technological mis-utilization. “Nineteen Eighty-Four” is a good example of a dystopian sci-fi story.

Exploration Of Popular Societal Or Cultural Issues
Much of sci-fi attempts to explore popular societal or cultural issues through a sci-fi setting. These issues range from class struggles to misuse of technology, and sci-fi gives voice to the concerns of the society in which they are conceived. Common social issues include a world destroyed by war; a world destroyed by overuse; a world in which the government controls everything; or a world in which genetic experimentation has gone terribly awry.

Science Fiction Follows Scientific Rules
Whether or not it utilizes hard science, science fiction novels follow scientific rules, to some degree. They may follow an extrapolation of scientific rules or unfamiliar scientific principles, but sci-fi sticks to certain rules nonetheless, as opposed to an arbitrary system of the author’s devising.






















Science  Fiction






In light of you know about science fiction genre regarding themes, plot and characters, what would you predict the story of All Summer in a Day would be

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________In light of your reading of the first chapter, what would you  predict the story about? __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Date _______________


Simple and Compound Sentences

A sentence that expresses only one complete thought is a simple sentence.

A compound sentence is made up of two more simple sentences joined by a conjunction.

1.    That old flowerpot is broken, so I will throw it in the trash. (1 point)

Simple sentence

Compound sentence

2.    Nikki wrote a speech, and she practiced it many times before it was her turn. (1 point)

Simple sentence

Compound sentence

3.    Ryan opened his mouth, but no words came out. (1 point)

Simple sentence

Compound sentence

4.    Jared talked about his plan for the school. (1 point)

Simple sentence

Compound sentence

5.    That baseball glove is my dad’s, but he said I could use it. (1 point)

Simple sentence

Compound sentence

6.    We will have a great dessert right after dinner. (1 point)

Simple sentence

Compound sentence

7.    Dig slowly and carefully. (1 point)

Simple sentence

Compound sentence

8.    Mark spoke first. (1 point)

Simple sentence

Compound sentence

9.    Shawn stepped to the front of the room, and he tripped over the microphone cord. (1 point)

Simple sentence

Compound sentence

10. Practice every day, and you will be ready for the concert. (1 point)

Simple sentence

Compound sentence



Making connections with characters

What would you do if you were a friend to that little poor girl? How are you going to make her feel good?




grade 7 unit description

Brief Summary ofUnit 2 2011-2012 

Opinon Essay

In thisunit, grade 7 students will be exposed to a variety of opinion essays. They will read and study manyopinion essays of different point of views. The students will be taught tounderstand the format and outline of opinion essays; in order to be able towrite their own essays in the summative assessment of the unit. During this unit, the students will recognize the main elements of opinion essays . By the endof this unit the students will develop an opinion essay. students will learnabout how to write a good opinion essay. Students will also be helped to learn pastsimple tense. A revision of the tenses( simple present, simple past and presentcontinuous) will be done thorough out the unit.

As a summative assessment of this unit, students will develop anopinion essay. The students will have a unit test that cover the grammar pointsand the vocabulary of the unit.

Students will understand that :

1. Audience and purpose (e.g., toinform, persuade, entertain) influence the use of literary techniques (e.g.,style, tone, word choice)..

2. A writer selects a form based on hispurpose.

3. The purposeful use and non-use oflanguage conventions help readers understand.

4. Sometimes the author makes his/hermeaning plain; often however, a reader must dig beneath the “surface” of thetext to find the meaning.


1. Audience and purpose (e.g., toinform, persuade, entertain) influence the use of literary techniques (e.g.,style, tone, word choice)..

2. A writer selects a form based on his purpose.

3. The purposeful use and non-use oflanguage conventions help readers understand.

4. Sometimes the author makes his/hermeaning plain; often however, a reader must dig beneath the “surface” of thetext to find the meaning.

5. Good readers may use many strategiesthat work, and they quickly try another one when the one they are using doesn’twork. They not only know many different strategies, but they never getstuck in persisting with one that isn’t working.

6. structures. Understanding atext’s structure helps a reader better understand its meaning.

7. Authors combine facts and opinion tocommunicate perspectives and information.

· What Essential Questions will be considered?

· What makes opinion essays worthreading ?

· How do texts about social andpolitical issues affect me?

· How do texts help us shape ourdecisions?

· To what extent is the pen mightierthan the sword?

· Why am I writing? Forwhom? What am I trying to achieve through my writing? Who will readmy writing? What will work best for my audience.

· To what extent do conventions oflanguage impact communication?

· What do good readers do? Whatdo they do when do not understand? How do texts differ? How shouldI read different types of texts?

· What lies beneath the surface of thistext?

· How can a reader recognize truth intext?

Performance Tasks* (see GRASPS form):

Goal : write an opinion essay

R ole: writer.

A udience: School community

S ituation: create an essay that showsthe features of an opinion essay and present the writer’s point of view toward an issue.

P roduct: an opinion essay

vocabulary of the unit: through this unit, the students will learn to use the following vocabulry:


























injuries v

It does not matter how slow you go so long as you do not stop.